husband


husband
[OE] The Anglo-Saxons used wer ‘man’ (as in werewolf) for ‘husband’, and not until the late 13th century was the word husband drafted in for ‘male spouse’. This had originally meant ‘master of a household’, and was borrowed from Old Norse húsbóndi, a compound formed from hús ‘house’ and bóndi. Bóndi in turn was a contraction of an earlier bóandi, búandi ‘dweller’, a noun use of the present participle of bóa, búa ‘dwell’, This was derived from the Germanic base *- ‘dwell’, which also produced English be, boor, booth, bound ‘intending to go’, bower, build, burly, byelaw, byre, and the -bour of neighbour. The ancient link between ‘dwelling in a place’ and ‘farming the land’ comes out in husbandman [14] and husbandry [14], reflecting a now obsolete sense of husband, ‘farmer’. The abbreviated form hubby dates from the 17th century. => BE, BOOR, BOOTH, BOWER, BUILD, BYRE, HOUSE
* * *
   The original sense of the word is preserved to an extent in modern husbandry, relating to farming and the management of affairs. A husband was the master of a household, and the word represents a combination of Old Norse hus, 'house,' and bondi, 'person who has a household,' from boa, 'to dwell.'

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Husband — Hus band, n. [OE. hosebonde, husbonde, a husband, the master of the house or family, AS. h?sbonda master of the house; h?s house + bunda, bonda, householder, husband; prob. fr. Icel. h?sb[=o]ndi house master, husband; h?s house + b?andi dwelling …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • husband — [huz′bənd] n. [ME husbonde, householder, husband < Late OE husbonda < ON hūsbondi, lit., householder < hūs, HOUSE + bondi, freeholder, yeoman < earlier būandi, prp. of būa, to dwell: see BONDAGE] 1. a) a man with reference to the… …   English World dictionary

  • Husband — Hus band, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Husbanded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Husbanding}.] 1. To direct and manage with frugality; to use or employ to good purpose and the best advantage; to spend, apply, or use, with economy. [1913 Webster] For my means, I ll… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Husband — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Gary Husband (* 1960), britischer Fusionmusiker Rick Douglas Husband (1957–2003), amerikanischer Astronaut Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demsel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • husband — index consort, hoard, keep (shelter), preserve, spouse, store Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • husband — [n] married man bridegroom, companion, consort, groom, helpmate, hubby, mate, monogamist, monogynist, other half, partner, spouse; concepts 414,419 Ant. wife …   New thesaurus

  • husband — ► NOUN ▪ a married man considered in relation to his wife. ► VERB ▪ use (resources) economically. DERIVATIVES husbandless adjective husbandly adjective. ORIGIN original senses included «steward of a household» and «farmer»: from Old Norse …   English terms dictionary

  • Husband — A husband is a male spouse (participant) in a marriage, civil union or civil partnership.Origin and etymologyThe term husband refers to Middle English huseband , from Old English hūsbōnda , from Old Norse hūsbōndi (hūs, house + bōndi, būandi,… …   Wikipedia

  • husband — n. 1) to leave one s husband 2) a common law; cuckolded; estranged husband; ex husband, former; faithful; henpecked; jealous; philandering, unfaithful husband 3) (misc.) she had two children by her first husband * * * [ hʌzbənd] cuckolded… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • husband —    Wives appear to have regularly addressed their marital partners as ‘husband’ in the seventeenth century. Shakespeare has many instances of the word being used vocatively on its own, or in phrases like ‘good husband’, ‘gentle husband’, ‘good… …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

  • husband — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ future, prospective ▪ suitable ▪ former (also ex husband) ▪ dead, deceased, late …   Collocations dictionary